Career Library

Judges

National Occupation Code (NOC): 4111

Judges adjudicate civil and criminal cases and administer justice in courts of law. Judges preside over federal and provincial courts.

Job Duties for Judges

  • Preside over courts of law, interpret and enforce rules of procedure and make rulings regarding the admissibility of evidence
  • Instruct the jury on laws that are applicable to the case
  • Weigh and consider evidence in non-jury trials and decide legal guilt or innocence or degree of liability of the accused or defendant
  • Pass sentence on persons convicted in criminal cases and determine damages or other appropriate remedy in civil cases
  • Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses
  • Determine custody of children between contesting parents and other guardians
  • Enforce court orders for access or support
  • Supervise other judges and court officers.
Judges may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal or family law.

Working Conditions for Judges

Work is performed in a courthouse or law office.

Alternate Job Titles

  • Administrative Judge
  • Appellate Court Judge
  • Associate Chief Justice
  • Chief Justice
  • County Court Judge
  • County Judge
  • Court Of Queen's Bench Justice
  • Deputy Justice
  • District And Surrogate Court Judge
  • District Court Judge
  • Family Court Judge
  • Federal Court Justice
  • Federal Court Justice - Trial Division
  • Federal Court Of Appeal Justice
  • Federal Trial Court Justice
  • Judge - Law
  • Justice
  • Juvenile Court Judge
  • Magistrate Court Judge
  • Probate Court Judge
  • Provincial Court Judge
  • Provincial Court Of Appeal Justice
  • Provincial Supreme Court Justice
  • Puisne Judge
  • Small Claims Court Judge
  • Superior Court Justice
  • Supreme Court Justice
  • Supreme Court Of Canada Justice
  • Tax Court Judge
  • Trial Court Judge
  • Youth Court Judge
  • Chief Justice
  • County Court Judge
  • Court Of Queen's Bench Justice
  • District Court Judge
  • Family Court Judge
  • Federal Trial Court Justice
  • Provincial Court Of Appeal Justice
  • Small Claims Court Judge
  • Superior Court Justice
  • Supreme Court Justice